GldI is a lipoprotein that is required for Flavobacterium johnsoniae gliding motility and chitin utilization

J Bacteriol. 2004 Apr;186(8):2295-302. doi: 10.1128/JB.186.8.2295-2302.2004.


Cells of Flavobacterium johnsoniae glide rapidly over surfaces by an unknown mechanism. Seven genes (gldA, gldB, gldD, gldF, gldG, gldH, and ftsX) that are required for gliding motility have been described. Complementation of the nonmotile mutants UW102-41, UW102-85, and UW102-92 identified another gene, gldI, that is required for gliding motility. gldI mutants formed nonspreading colonies, and individual cells were completely nonmotile. They were also resistant to bacteriophages that infect wild-type cells, and they failed to digest chitin. Introduction of wild-type gldI on a plasmid restored colony spreading, cell motility, phage sensitivity, and the ability to digest chitin to the gldI mutants. gldI encodes a predicted 199-amino-acid protein that localized to the membrane fraction. Labeling studies with [(3)H]palmitate indicated that GldI is a lipoprotein. GldI is similar to peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans-isomerases of the FK506-binding protein family and may be involved in folding cell envelope protein components of the motility machinery.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacteriophages / growth & development
  • Chitin / metabolism*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Flavobacterium / chemistry
  • Flavobacterium / physiology*
  • Flavobacterium / virology
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Lipoproteins / biosynthesis
  • Lipoproteins / genetics
  • Lipoproteins / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Movement
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Lipoproteins
  • Chitin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF527792