A genetic linkage map for Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus): evidence for higher recombination rates and segregation distortion in hybrid versus pure strain mapping parents

Genome. 2004 Apr;47(2):304-15. doi: 10.1139/g03-127.


We constructed a genetic linkage map for Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) using two backcrosses between genetically divergent strains. Forty-six linkage groups (expected = 39-41) and 19 homeologous affinities (expected = 25) were identified using 184 microsatellites, 129 amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), 13 type I gene markers, and one phenotypic marker, SEX. Twenty-six markers remain unlinked. Female map distance (9.92 Morgans) was substantially higher than male map distance (3.90 Morgans) based on the most complete parental information (i.e., the F1 hybrids). Female recombination rates were often significantly higher than those of males across all pairwise comparisons within homologous chromosomal segments (average female to male ratios within families was 1.69:1). The female hybrid parent had significantly higher recombination rates than the pure strain female parent. Segregation distortion was detected in four linkage groups (4, 8, 13, 20) for both families. In family 3, only the largest fish were sampled for genotyping, suggesting that segregation distortion may represent regions possessing influences on growth. In family 2, almost all cases showing segregation distortion involved markers in the female hybrid parent.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chimera / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Genetic Markers
  • Inbreeding
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Trout / genetics*


  • Genetic Markers