Three lethal-yellow mutants have been identified in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.), and assigned genetic type collection numbers T218H, T225H, and T362H. Previous genetic evaluation of T362H indicated allelism with T218H and T225H and duplicate-factor inheritance. Our objectives were to confirm the inheritance and allelism of T218H and T225H and to molecularly map the locus and (or) loci conditioning the lethal-yellow phenotype. The inheritance of T218H and T225H was 3 green : 1 lethal yellow in their original parental source germplasm of Glycine max 'Illini' and Glycine max 'Lincoln', respectively. In crosses to unrelated germplasm, a 15 green : 1 lethal yellow was observed. Allelism tests indicated that T218H and T225H were allelic. The molecular mapping population was Glycine max 'Minsoy' x T225H and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used. The first locus, designated y18-1, was located on soybean molecular linkage group B2, between SSR markers Satt474 and Satt534, and linked to each by 4.4 and 13.4 cM, respectively. The second locus, designated y18-2, was located on soybean molecular linkage group D2, between SSR markers Satt543 and Sat-001, and linked to each by 2.2 and 4.4 cM, respectively.