Impact of transcendental meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents

Am J Hypertens. 2004 Apr;17(4):366-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjhyper.2003.12.008.


The objective of this study was to determine the impact of stress reduction on blood pressure (BP) in adolescents by the Transcendental Meditation (TM) program. African-American adolescents (aged 16.2 +/- 1.3 years) with high normal systolic BP were randomly assigned to either 4-month TM (n = 50) or health education control (n = 50) groups. Ambulatory 24-h BP measures were recorded at pretest, 2- and 4-month post-tests, and 4-month follow-up. Greater decreases in daytime systolic BP (P < .04) and diastolic BP (P < .06) in the TM group compared with the control group across the visits demonstrate a beneficial impact of the TM program in youth at risk for the development of hypertension.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Anthropometry
  • Black or African American / ethnology*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Diastole / physiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Georgia / ethnology
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation*
  • Systole / physiology
  • Time Factors