Gender and pulmonary gas exchange during exercise

Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2004 Apr;32(2):50-6. doi: 10.1097/00003677-200404000-00003.


Relative to body size, women have a lower diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, smaller airway diameter, and smaller lung volumes than men. The effect that these differences have on gas exchange during exercise is incompletely understood. Women may have a larger alveolar-arterial PO(2) difference that may be compensated for, in part, by increased alveolar ventilation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / etiology
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*
  • Sex Factors
  • United States