A population-based case-control study of 988 stage T2 or greater prostate cancer cases and 1063 controls was conducted in Alberta from November 1997 to December 2000 to examine the influence of anthropometric risk factors on the risk of prostate cancer using several different measures. An in-person interview was conducted, and all anthropometric measurements were taken using standardized methods. Respondents also recalled their body weight at each decade from age 20 to the referent year. Several anthropometric variables were derived, and unconditional logistic regression analyses were performed. The multivariable odds ratios, when comparing the highest to the lowest quartile were: for body mass index, OR = 1.12 (95% CI 0.85-1.47); for waist-hip ratio, OR = 1.07 (0.83-1.38); for height, OR = 0.78 (0.60-1.02); for weight, OR = 0.91 (0.70-1.18); for weight gain since age 20, OR = 0.91 (0.70-1.19); and for difference between minimum and maximum adult weight, OR = 0.89 (0.69-1.16). Our study provides evidence for no association between any measures of anthropometry including several derived measures of changes in weight over lifetime and prostate cancer risk.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.