Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate changes in quality of life and to compare conventional outcomes in patients undergoing endovascular and open retroperitoneal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair.
Methods: Between October 2000 and May 2003, 129 patients underwent elective AAA repair, endovascular repair in 22 patients and open retroperitoneal repair in 107 patients. The Short-Form Health Survey, 12 items (SF-12) was administered preoperatively and at 3 weeks, 4 months, and 1 year after discharge. Quality of life, hospital and intensive care unit stay, perioperative complications, discharge disposition, readmission, and hospital cost were statistically evaluated.
Results: For the total group, significant differences were observed for both Physical Component Summary scores (P<.001) and Mental Component Summary scores (P=.001) between time points. There were no significant differences for either Component Summary score between open and endovascular procedures for any time period. Number of weeks required to return to baseline functional status was similar after either open or endovascular repair (7.22 vs 5.47 weeks, respectively; P=.09). Mean hospital and intensive care unit stay was 4.4 and 1 days, respectively, for open repair versus 1.9 and 0 days, respectively, for endovascular repair (P<.0001). No significant difference between groups was observed in terms of perioperative complications, discharge disposition, or hospital readmission (P> or =.54). Mean total hospital cost for endovascular repair was 1.60 times that for open repair (mean difference, $11,662; P<.0001; 95% confidence interval, $17,799-$5525).
Conclusions: Hospital stay is significantly shorter after endovascular AAA repair. However, hospital cost is almost twice that for open retroperitoneal repair. Perioperative complications, discharge disposition, and hospital readmission are not statistically different between the two groups. Effect on health-related quality of life is similar after either open retroperitoneal or endovascular AAA repair.