Reported adverse drug reactions and their determinants in Dutch children outside the hospital

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2004 Mar;13(3):159-65. doi: 10.1002/pds.843.


Purpose: The interpretation of the available studies on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children outside the hospital is hampered because none of these studies used a control group. The aim of this study was to describe ADRs in children outside the hospital, controlled for drug use in the paediatric background population.

Methods: Using a case-control design, we compared drugs on which a suspected ADR was reported to the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre LAREB, and drugs used in the general paediatric population from the InterAction pharmacy database, both in the year 2001, for children aged 0-16 years.

Results: The main findings are that ADRs were disproportionately more often reported on systemic drugs (OR 3.0; [95%CI: 1.9-4.8]), new drugs (2.4; [1.6-2.7]), anti-infective drugs (1.7; [1.1-2.7]) and nervous system drugs (2.1; [1.3-3.5]), whereas unlicensed drugs (0.1; [0.0-0.4]), frequently used drugs (0.3; [0.2-0.5]) and dermatologicals (0.1; [0.0-0.4]) were less likely to be associated with a reported ADR. Overall, the proportion of off-label prescriptions did not differ between drugs suspected of an ADR and drugs used by children in a general population.

Conclusions: The pattern of drugs associated with a reported ADR could not be solely explained on the basis of drug utilisation patterns in the general population.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems / statistics & numerical data*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Infective Agents / classification
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clinical Pharmacy Information Systems
  • Drug Prescriptions / classification
  • Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data
  • Drug Utilization Review
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Time Factors


  • Anti-Infective Agents