Multiple correlates of cigarette use among high school students

J Sch Health. 1992 Apr;62(4):146-50. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1992.tb08195.x.


A cross-sectional survey research design measured factors related to cigarette use among 2,212 senior high school students. Results showed 14.3% of the sample smoked cigarettes at least occasionally, with 5.3% reporting they were daily smokers. About 12.8% indicated they were ex-smokers. Males and females smoked at almost equal rates, and the percentage of 10th grade student smokers was slightly higher (16.4%) than the percentage of juniors and seniors who smoked. Approximately 22% of Hispanic students, 15% of Caucasian students, and 4.5% of African-American students reported smoking cigarettes at least occasionally. An initial regression analysis used 21 variables to predict cigarette smoking. A more parsimonious regression model (R2 = .28), using variables from the initial regression analysis with significance levels of .01 or less, indicated the most important predictors of cigarette use were ethnic group, attitude toward females who smoke, close friends' use of cigarettes, personal use of marijuana, best friend's use of cigarettes, personal use of alcohol, and school self-esteem. Implications for school health programs are addressed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Attitude
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Florida / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical
  • Regression Analysis
  • Schools*
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Students*