The JT interval or Bazett's QTc - QRS has been advocated for detection of prolonged repolarization in ventricular conduction defects (VCDs). However, the use of neither JT nor QTc - QRS has been validated, and normal limits for rate-adjusted JT have not been established for VCDs or for normal ventricular conduction. Functional relations among RR, JT, and QT intervals were evaluated in 11,739 adult men and women with normal ventricular conduction and in 1,251 subjects with major VCD. The results showed that JT adjustment obtained as QTc - QRS retained a strong residual correlation with ventricular rate (r = 0.54), making its use ill-advised. In contrast, QT adjustment as a linear function of the RR interval for VCD as QT(RR,QRS) = QT - 155 x (60/heart rate - 1) - 0.93 x (QRS - 139) + k, with k = -22 ms for men and -34 ms for women, removed the rate dependence and produced upper 2% and 5% normal limits at 460 and 450 ms, respectively, which are identical to those in normal conduction. As an alternative, equally effective linear JT adjustment formulas were derived, including newly required normal standards. Thus, detection of prolonged repolarization in VCD requires the use of the JT interval or a bivariate model for QT with RR and QRS intervals as covariates.