Near-infrared Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy was applied to brain tissues in situ. The spectra were obtained from the cerebral cortex, white matter of the cerebrum, caudate-putamen, thalamus, synaptosomal fraction, and myelin fraction. High-quality Raman spectra in the 400 to 2940 cm-1 range were measured without interference of autofluorescence. Common spectral bands were assigned. The ratios of the intensity at 1664 (amide I), 1442 (CH2 deformation), 2885 (CH2 asymmetric stretching), 2938 cm-1 (CH3 symmetric stretching) could be used for differentiation between the gray and white matters.