Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a heritable connective tissue disorder caused by mutations in an ABC (ATP-Binding Cassette) transporter gene (ABCC6), which manifests with cutaneous, ophthalmologic, and cardiovascular findings. We studied a cohort of 19 families with PXE, and identified 16 different mutations, nine of which were novel variants. The mutation detection rate was about 77%. We found that arginine codon 518 was, with the previously described R1141X and EX23_29del, a recurrently mutated amino acid (11.5% of the mutations detected for each variant R518Q and R518X). No clear delineation of genotype/phenotype correlation was identified, and marked intra-familial variability of the disease was seen in one family. One family with pseudodominant inheritance displayed three distinct ABCC6 mutations, providing further evidence for the probable exclusive recessive transmission of PXE. These data contribute to the expanding database of ABCC6 mutations, to the description of phenotypic variability, and inheritance in PXE, and should be helpful for genetic counselling.