Kidney transplantation in children with reconstructed bladder

Transplantation. 2004 Apr 15;77(7):1113-6. doi: 10.1097/


There is some controversy about the safety of renal transplantation in patients with an augmentation cystoplasty because of the possibility of urinary tract infection in immunosuppressed patients leading to pyelonephritis and graft loss. Nevertheless, it is now well known that in patients with a small volume and poorly compliant bladder, reconstructive bladder surgery (augmentation cystoplasty or continent reservoir) creates a low-pressure and compliant reservoir, which protects the upper urinary tract and restores a functional lower urinary tract. Graft survival is not adversely affected when a kidney transplant is drained into a reconstructed bladder. When bowel segments are used for augmentation, a voiding modality with clean intermittent self-catheterization does not increase the risk of urinary tract infections, even in immunosuppressed patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation* / mortality
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
  • Urinary Bladder / surgery*
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures