Gene expression profiles in pregnant rats treated with T-2 toxin

Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2004 Mar;55(5):357-66. doi: 10.1078/0940-2993-00342.


Pregnant rats on day 13 of gestation were treated orally with T-2 toxin at a single dose of 2 mg/kg and sacrificed at 24 hours after treatment. Histopathologically, apoptosis was increased in the liver, placenta and fetal liver. Microarray analysis was performed to examine the gene expression in the liver, placenta, and fetal liver. The results of microarray analysis showed that the changes in the expression of apoptosis genes, metabolic enzymes and oxidative stress-related genes were detected in these tissues. Suppression of phase I and II enzymes-related genes expression in the liver, and suppression of phase II enzymes-related genes expression in the placenta and fetal liver were observed. Semiquantitive RT-PCR analysis also showed the same results as those of microarray analysis. From the results of microarray analysis and histopathological examination, T-2 toxin seems to induce oxidative stress in these tissues, following the changes in metabolism-related genes expression. These changes may alter the intracellular environments resulting in the induction of apoptosis. Further studies on the gene expression profiles at the earlier time point are necessary to clarify the detailed mechanisms of T-2 toxin-induced toxicity in pregnant rats.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / biosynthesis
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • Female
  • Gene Expression / drug effects*
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / embryology
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis* / methods
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress / genetics
  • Placenta / drug effects
  • Placenta / enzymology
  • Pregnancy
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • T-2 Toxin / administration & dosage
  • T-2 Toxin / toxicity*


  • DNA Primers
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • T-2 Toxin