Enaptin, a giant actin-binding protein, is an element of the nuclear membrane and the actin cytoskeleton

Exp Cell Res. 2004 May 1;295(2):330-9. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.01.014.


Enaptin belongs to a family of recently identified giant proteins that associate with the F-actin cytoskeleton as well as the nuclear membrane. It is composed of an N-terminal alpha-actinin type actin-binding domain (ABD) followed by a long coiled coil rod and a transmembrane domain at the C-terminus. The ABD binds to F-actin in vivo and in vitro and leads to bundle formation. The human Enaptin gene spreads over 515 kb and gives rise to several splicing isoforms (Nesprin-1, Myne-1, Syne-1, CPG2). The longest assembled cDNA encompasses 27,669 bp and predicts a 1014 kDa protein. Antibodies against the ABD of Enaptin localise the protein at F-actin-rich structures throughout the cell and in focal contacts as well as at the nuclear envelope. In COS7 cells, the protein is also present within the nuclear compartment. With the discovery of the actin-binding properties of Enaptin and the highly homologous Nuance, we define a family of proteins that integrate the cytoskeleton with the nucleoskeleton.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actinin / metabolism
  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Alternative Splicing
  • Animals
  • Antibodies / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Compartmentation
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / chemistry
  • Cell Membrane / genetics
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / chemistry
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cytoskeleton / chemistry
  • Cytoskeleton / genetics
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
  • Molecular Weight
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms / chemistry
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Actins
  • Antibodies
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • SYNE2 protein, human
  • Actinin
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins