Objective: Percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a history of previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with an increased rate of subsequent adverse events compared to those without prior CABG. We evaluated the impact of utilizing the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) in this high-risk population.
Methods: Since April 2002, SES implantation was utilized as the default strategy for all percutaneous procedures in our hospital. Consecutive patients with a history of previous CABG and de novo lesions (n=47) treated exclusively with SES, were compared to 66 patients who received bare stents in the 6-month period just before SES introduction.
Results: There were no significant differences between the groups (SES and bare stent) with respect to baseline clinical or lesion characteristics. The only difference between the groups related to the nominal diameter of stent utilized, which was smaller in the SES group than the bare stent group. (The maximum diameter of SES available was 3.0 mm). At 1 year, the cumulative incidence of major adverse events (defined as death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization) was significantly lower in the SES group than the bare stent group [8.5 versus 30.3%, hazard ratio 0.37 (95% confidence interval 0.15-0.91); P=0.03].
Conclusions: The utilization of the sirolimus-eluting stent for percutaneous intervention in a high-risk population with a history of previous CABG surgery is associated with a significant reduction in the rate of major adverse cardiac events at 1 year.