A family member's job loss as a risk factor for smoking among adolescents

Health Psychol. 2004 May;23(3):308-13. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.3.308.


Life events are associated with an increased likelihood of adolescent smoking. This study examined a family member's job loss as a predictor of smoking initiation over a 1-year period. Southern California students completed surveys in 6th and 7th grade. Of the 2,168 students, 252 (12%) reported that an adult in the household had lost a job within the past 6 months. Controlling for demographic, socioeconomic. educational, and parenting characteristics. 6th-grade never-smokers who reported a job loss were significantly more likely to have tried smoking by 7th grade and to have smoked in the past 30 days. Job loss for a household member is a risk factor for adolescents' involvement in problem behaviors such as smoking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Social Support
  • Unemployment / psychology*
  • Unemployment / statistics & numerical data*