A TREM family member, TLT-1, is found exclusively in the alpha-granules of megakaryocytes and platelets

Blood. 2004 Aug 15;104(4):1042-7. doi: 10.1182/blood-2004-01-0315. Epub 2004 Apr 20.


The triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells (TREMs) have drawn considerable attention due to their ability to activate multiple cell types within the innate immune system, including neutrophils, monocyte/macrophages, and dendritic cells, via their association with DAP12. TLT-1 (TREM-like transcript-1) lies within the TREM gene cluster and contains the characteristic single V-set immunoglobulin (Ig) domain of the family, but its longer cytoplasmic tail is composed of both a proline-rich region and an immune receptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif, the latter known to be used for interactions with protein tyrosine phosphatases. Here we report that TLT-1 is expressed exclusively in platelets and megakaryocytes (MKs) and that TLT-1 expression is up-regulated dramatically upon platelet activation. Consistent with this observation, confocal microscopy demonstrates that TLT-1 is prepackaged, along with CD62P, into both MK and platelet alpha-granules. Differences in thrombin-induced redistribution of CD62P and TLT-1 indicate that TLT-1 is not simply cargo of alpha-granules but may instead regulate granule construction or dispersal. Together these data show that that TLT-1 does not function to inhibit members of the TREM family but instead may play a role in maintaining vascular hemostasis and regulating coagulation and inflammation at sites of injury.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Platelets / chemistry*
  • Blood Platelets / ultrastructure
  • Cell Line
  • Cytoplasmic Granules / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Megakaryocytes / chemistry*
  • Megakaryocytes / ultrastructure
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • P-Selectin / metabolism
  • Platelet Activation
  • Protein Transport
  • Receptors, Immunologic / genetics
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / physiology*
  • Thrombin / pharmacology
  • Transfection
  • Up-Regulation


  • P-Selectin
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Treml1 protein, mouse
  • Thrombin