An investigation of differences between self-injurious behavior and suicide attempts in a sample of adolescents

Suicide Life Threat Behav. Spring 2004;34(1):12-23. doi: 10.1521/suli.34.1.12.27769.

Abstract

Data from 390 high school students were collected to examine potential differences between adolescents who had attempted suicide and those who engaged in self-injurious behavior on measures of depression, suicidal ideation, and attitudes toward life and death. Significant differences were found between controls and the self-harm groups on all dependent variables. A significant difference on attitudes toward life was found between the self-injury and suicide attempt groups. Post-hoc regression analyses showed that measures of depression, suicide ideation, and attitudes towards life predicted participants' self-harm categorization. These findings provide preliminary evidence that self-injurious behavior is different from attempted suicide among a community sample of adolescents.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Self-Injurious Behavior / psychology*
  • Suicide, Attempted / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States