Suicide inhibitors of cytochrome P450 1A1 and P450 2B1

Biochem Pharmacol. 1992 Aug 18;44(4):787-96. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(92)90417-h.


The inhibition of the P450 1A1 dependent de-ethylation of 7-ethoxyphenoxazone (7EPO) and the P450 2B1 dependent de-pentylation of 7-pentoxyphenoxazone (7PPO) by 1-ethynylnaphthalene (1EN), 2-ethynylnaphthalene (2EN), 1-ethynylanthracene (1EA), 2-ethynylanthracene (2EA), 9-ethynylanthracene (9EA), 2-ethynylphenathrene (2EPh), 3-ethynylphenanthrene (3EPh), 9-ethynylphenanthrene (9EPh), 1-ethynylpyrene (1EP) and 2-ethynylpyrene (2EP) was studied in hepatic microsomal preparations from rats. Although all of the polycyclic aromatic acetylenes studied inhibited the dealkylation of 7EPO or 7PPO, only some of the acetylenes produced a mechanism-based irreversible inactivation (suicide inhibition) of the P450 dependent dealkylation of 7EPO or 7PPO. Of the molecules tested, only 1EP, 1EN, 2EN, 2EPh and 3EPh were effective suicide inhibitors of the P450 1A1 dependent de-ethylation of 7EPO and only 1EN, 2EN, 1EA and 9EPh were effective suicide inhibitors of the P450 2B1 dependent de-pentylation of 7PPO. In addition to the size and shape of the polycyclic aromatic ring system, placement of the carbon--carbon triple bond on the ring system was critical for suicide inhibition. In contrast to 1EP, 2EP was not a mechanism-based inhibitor of P450 1A1; 9EPh, but not 2EPh or 3EPh, was a suicide inhibitor of P450 2B1. None of the aryl acetylenes tested produced heme destruction under assay conditions that produced the suicide inhibition of the P450 dependent 7EPO or 7PPO dealkylation activities. Because a precise orientation of the terminal acetylene is required to produce suicide inhibition without heme destruction, acetylenic suicide inhibitors can potentially be used to differentiate between P450 isozymes and to establish some distinguishing geometric features of the active site of these isozymes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylene / analogs & derivatives*
  • Acetylene / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Anthracenes / chemical synthesis
  • Anthracenes / pharmacology*
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B1
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / chemistry
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mathematics
  • Microsomes, Liver / drug effects
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Naphthalenes / chemical synthesis
  • Naphthalenes / pharmacology*
  • Oxidoreductases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Phenanthrenes / chemical synthesis
  • Phenanthrenes / pharmacology*
  • Pyrenes / metabolism
  • Pyrenes / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Anthracenes
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Naphthalenes
  • Phenanthrenes
  • Pyrenes
  • 1-vinylpyrene
  • 2-ethynylnaphthalene
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B1
  • Acetylene