Long-term prognosis of early and late prosthetic valve endocarditis

Am J Cardiol. 2004 May 1;93(9):1185-7. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.01.056.

Abstract

A prospective series of 78 cases of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) was studied (35 cases of early PVE and 43 cases of late PVE). The in-hospital mortality rate was significantly higher in patients with early PVE (31% vs 9%, p <0.01) because the onset of heart failure was more common in these patients (55% vs 37%, p <0.05). However, event-free survival at 4 years in survivors to the active phase was not different (74% and 82%, respectively).

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / etiology*
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / mortality
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Admission
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / etiology*
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / mortality
  • Spain
  • Staphylococcal Infections / etiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / mortality
  • Streptococcal Infections / etiology*
  • Streptococcal Infections / mortality
  • Time
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome