Genomic organization and molecular analysis of the inducible prophage EJ-1, a mosaic myovirus from an atypical pneumococcus

Virology. 2004 May 1;322(2):239-52. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2004.01.029.


We report the complete genomic sequence of EJ-1, an inducible prophage isolated from an atypical Streptococcus pneumoniae strain that belongs to the Myoviridae morphology family. The phage and bacterial recombinational sites (attachment sites) have been also determined. The genome of the EJ-1 prophage (42935 bp) is organized in 73 open reading frames (ORFs) and in at least five major clusters. Bioinformatic and N-terminal amino acid sequence analyses enabled the assignment of possible functions to 52 ORFs. The predicted proteins coded for the EJ-1 genome revealed similarities in the lysogeny, DNA replication, regulation, packaging, and head morphogenesis protein clusters with those from several siphoviruses infecting lactic acid bacteria. However, the proteins encoded by genes orf53 to orf64, corresponding to putative tail proteins of the virion, were very similar to those of the defective Bacillus subtilis myovirus PBSX with the notable exception of the gene product of orf56 (the tape measure tail protein) that was similar to proteins from phages infecting Gram-negative bacteria. The first description of the genome of a myovirus infecting a low G + C content Gram-positive bacterium, a member of a group embracing important human pathogens and industrial relevant species, will contribute to expand our current knowledge on phage biology and evolution.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Attachment Sites, Microbiological
  • Base Sequence
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Genome, Viral*
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myoviridae / genetics*
  • Myoviridae / physiology
  • Phylogeny
  • Prophages / genetics*
  • Recombination, Genetic*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA*
  • Streptococcus Phages / genetics*
  • Streptococcus Phages / physiology
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / virology*
  • Viral Proteins / genetics


  • Viral Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AJ608938
  • GENBANK/AJ608939
  • GENBANK/AJ608940
  • GENBANK/AJ608941
  • GENBANK/AJ608942
  • GENBANK/AJ608943
  • GENBANK/AJ608944