Can carrots be addictive? An extraordinary form of drug dependence

Br J Addict. 1992 Aug;87(8):1195-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1992.tb02007.x.


The paper describes three cases of dependence on carotenoids with typical symptoms of irritability and nervousness accompanying their abstinence, with a long-term dependence, and an inability to simply discontinue. Three patients (a man and two women) all being smokers, evaluated this dependence as very similar to that on tobacco. The limitation of further use had the same effect in both cases. The women evaluate the dependence as stronger than that on cigarettes, the man as somewhat weaker. The former patient--a woman--even relapsed, and recently found herself in danger of further relapse. This, however, she nipped in the bud. Laboratory enzyme examinations revealed a disorder in the enzymatic outfit affecting the auto-immunity and the neurovegetative system.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavior, Addictive / psychology*
  • Carotenoids*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypervitaminosis A / psychology*
  • Male
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology
  • Vegetables*


  • Carotenoids