Formation of homogeneous carbohydrate-lectin cross-linked precipitates from mixtures of D-galactose/N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectins and multiantennary galactosyl carbohydrates

Eur J Biochem. 1992 Aug 15;208(1):179-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1992.tb17172.x.


Quantitative precipitation studies have shown that the Man/Glc-specific lectin concanavalin A (ConA) forms homogeneous (homopolymeric) cross-linked precipitates with individual asparagine-linked oligomannose and bisected hybrid-type glycopeptides in the presence of binary mixtures of the carbohydrates [Bhattacharyya, L., Khan, M. I. & Brewer, C. F. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 8762-8767]. The results indicate that the ConA-glycopeptide precipitates are highly organized cross-linked lattices that are unique for each carbohydrate. Using similar techniques, the present study shows that the Gal-specific lectins from Erythrina indica and Ricinus communis (agglutinin I) form homogeneous cross-linked complexes with individual carbohydrates in binary mixtures of triantennary and tetraantennary complex-type oligosaccharides with terminal Gal residues. Conversely, binary mixtures of Gal/GalNAc-specific lectins from E. indica, Erythrina cristagalli, Erythrina flabelliformis, R. communis, soybean (Glycine max), and Wistaria floribunda (tetramer) in the presence of a naturally occurring or synthetic branched-chain oligosaccharide with terminal GalNAc or Gal residues provide evidence for the formation of separate cross-linked lattices between each lectin and the carbohydrate. The present results therefore demonstrate the formation of homogeneous lectin-carbohydrate cross-linked lattices in (a) a mixture of branched-chain complex-type oligosaccharides in the presence of a specific Gal/GalNAc-binding lectin, and (b) a mixture of lectins with similar physicochemical and carbohydrate binding properties in the presence of an oligosaccharide. These findings show that lectin-carbohydrate cross-linking interactions provide a high degree of specificity which may be relevant to their biological functions as receptors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylgalactosamine*
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Galactose*
  • Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
  • Hemagglutination Tests
  • Lectins*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligosaccharides / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Fluorescence
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • Lectins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Acetylgalactosamine
  • Galactose