Psychosocial predictors of successful delivery after unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions: a cohort study

Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2004 Jun;109(6):440-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0047.2004.00273.x.


Objective: To examine psychosocial predictors of successful pregnancy after recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA).

Method: We administered two waves of semi-structured interview and self-report questionnaire battery to a consecutive series of 46 couples who had had two RSAs (baseline before third pregnancy, and immediately after third pregnancy was ascertained), and followed them through their third pregnancy.

Results: Of the 46 couples, four miscarried for karyotypal abnormalities and six without any known cause. When the latter six were compared with the remaining 36 women, they reported less social support satisfaction, a more stable attribution for the causes of past abortions, and more depressed mood in the preceding year. Taken altogether, this psychosocial model was able to predict 93% of the pregnancy outcomes correctly.

Conclusion: Psychosocial variables (depression, attribution and social support) are robust predictors of the prospective pregnancy and suggest possible points of intervention in couples with RSA.

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / epidemiology*
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Labor, Obstetric*
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors