Co-transcription of the gastrin and cholecystokinin genes with selective translation of gastrin mRNA in a human gastric carcinoma cell line

FEBS Lett. 1992 Aug 31;309(1):47-50. doi: 10.1016/0014-5793(92)80736-z.


So far, no cells have been found to synthesize both of the homologous hormones, cholecystokinin and gastrin. Northern analysis and reverse transcription PCR showed, that the human gastric carcinoma cell line (AGS) expresses both a gastrin mRNA of 0.7 kb and a cholecystokinin transcript of 0.8 kb. A library of sequence-specific radioimmunoassays, cleavage with processing-like enzymes and chromatography subsequently revealed that the gastrin mRNA was translated into progastrin that was constitutively secreted into the medium (45 +/- 3 pmol/l). Neither procholecystokinin nor any of its processing products were detectable in cells and media. The results suggest that differentiation into gastrin- or cholecystokinin-producing cells may be regulated at the translational level. The gastric cell line, AGS, provides a model for studies of translational regulation of cell differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Line
  • Cholecystokinin / biosynthesis
  • Cholecystokinin / genetics*
  • Gastrins / biosynthesis
  • Gastrins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immune Sera
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / isolation & purification
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Stomach Neoplasms
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Gastrins
  • Immune Sera
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Cholecystokinin