Adaptive response in beta-cell function in pancreatic islets isolated from partially pancreatectomized rats

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1992 Aug;86(3):149-56. doi: 10.1016/0303-7207(92)90139-w.

Abstract

Before clinical onset of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus a decreasing pancreatic beta-cell mass maintains glucose homeostasis. We currently aimed to study the function of pancreatic islets isolated 2 weeks after a 60% partial pancreatectomy (P) or after a sham operation (S) on adult rats. Experiments on the islets were subsequently performed acutely (day 0) and after 1 week (day 7) of tissue culture in medium RPMI 1640 (11.1 mM glucose) + 10% calf serum. There was no difference in the body weight 2 weeks after surgery. The pancreatic remnant weight of the P rats was 35% less than the pancreatic weight in the S rats. The islet DNA content was 25% higher in the islets of the P rats on day 0, indicating a stimulated islet growth. However, this difference did not remain after culture for 7 days. Islet proinsulin mRNA content and (pro)insulin biosynthesis rates were slightly increased in the islets of P rats on day 0, which could be due to the increased islet mass. The islet insulin content was not different on day 0, but was higher after culture in the islets of the P rats. The islet rates of glucose oxidation and insulin release were markedly higher in the P rats on day 0, suggesting a selective effect on these processes. A higher glucose oxidation rate was, however, not evident on day 7. The relative fraction of insulin-positive cells was slightly lowered in the islets of the P rats on day 0.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Culture Techniques
  • DNA / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Islets of Langerhans / physiology*
  • Male
  • Organ Size
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Pancreatectomy
  • Proinsulin / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

Substances

  • Insulin
  • RNA, Messenger
  • DNA
  • Proinsulin
  • Glucose