Two case reports of symptomatic visceral leishmaniasis in AIDS patients concomitant with immune reconstitution due to antiretroviral therapy

Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36(3):225-7. doi: 10.1080/00365540410019426.


We report the first 2 cases of visceral leishmaniasis in AIDS patients, which ocurred a few d after initiating antiretroviral therapy. The report raises the question whether a rapid immune reconstitution may convert a latent visceral leishmaniasis into a symptomatic one.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis*
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy*
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / immunology
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / diagnosis*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / drug therapy*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index