Efficacy, safety, and limitations in current practice of sedation and analgesia

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2004 Apr;14(2):269-88. doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2004.01.011.


The ease and availability of endoscopy as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality for gastrointestinal disorders has greatly increased the number of procedures performed in the United States. One of the main factors in achieving a flawless procedure is the use of sedation and analgesia in endoscopy. This article examines the efficacy, safety, and limitations inherent in the current practice of sedation and analgesia.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Analgesics / adverse effects*
  • Conscious Sedation / adverse effects*
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal*
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives / adverse effects*
  • Risk Factors


  • Analgesics
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives