It has been demonstrated that proline-rich nuclear receptor coregulatory protein (PNRC) is a nuclear receptor coactivator that interacts with nuclear receptors through an SH3-binding motif located in its C-terminus. In the present report, a physical interaction between PNRC and Grb2 (an adapter protein involved in growth factor/Ras-mediated pathways) has been demonstrated using the GST pull-down assay, the yeast two-hybrid assay, as well as by coimmunoprecipitation. Cotransfection and fluorescence imaging have also confirmed the colocalization of PNRC and Grb2 in mammalian cells. Transient transfection experiments have demonstrated that, by interacting with each other, Grb2 decreases the coactivator activity of PNRC for nuclear receptors, and that PNRC suppresses Grb2-mediated Ras/MAP-kinase activation. Furthermore, it was discovered that HeLa cells overexpressing PNRC grew more slowly when compared to matched controls. Additionally, using a RT-PCR analysis of mRNA on six pairs of cancer/noncancer tissues, PNRC expression was found to be significantly lower in breast cancer tissue than in noncancer tissue. Based on these findings, we believe that PNRC and Grb2, by interacting with each other, can suppress nuclear receptor-mediated regulation and growth factor-mediated regulation in human breast tissue. This is a newly identified crosstalk mechanism for modulating these two important types of regulatory pathways.