Families created through surrogacy arrangements: parent-child relationships in the 1st year of life

Dev Psychol. 2004 May;40(3):400-11. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.40.3.400.


Findings are presented of a study of families created through surrogacy arrangements. Forty-two surrogacy families were compared with 51 egg-donation families and 80 natural-conception families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological well-being of the parents, the quality of parent-child relationships, and infant temperament. The differences that were identified between the surrogacy families and the other family types indicated greater psychological well-being and adaptation to parenthood by mothers and fathers of children born through surrogacy arrangements than by the natural-conception parents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Marriage / psychology
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Parenting
  • Surrogate Mothers*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Temperament