Age-related changes in neurogenesis and its modulation by caloric restriction (CR) were studied in C57BL/6 mice. To this end, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling was used to assess neuronal and glial precursor proliferation and survival in the granular cell layer (GCL) and the hilus of the dentate gyrus of 2-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month-old mice. For both regions, we found an age-dependent decrease in proliferation but not in survival of newborn cells. Interestingly, the reduction in proliferation occurred between 2 and 18 months of age with no additional decline between 18- and 24-month-old mice. Phenotyping of the newborn cells revealed a decrease in the neuron fraction in the GCL between 2 and 12 months of age but not thereafter. The majority of BrdU cells in the hilus colocalized with astrocytic but none with neuronal markers. CR from 3 to 11 months of age had no effect on neurogenesis in the GCL, but had a survival-promoting effect on newly generated glial cells in the hilus of the dentate gyrus. In conclusion, C57BL/6 mice reveal a substantial reduction in neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus until late adulthood with no further decline with aging. Long-term CR does not counteract this age-related decline in neurogenesis but promotes survival of hilar glial cells.