The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of the polymorphisms G-6A of the angiotensinogen gene, insertion/deletion (I/D) of the angiotensin-converting enzyme, and C573T of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor gene on a healthy, middle-age population. A total of 370 (194 women) healthy normotensive Caucasian subjects, aged 25-50 yr old, were selected from the general population. A significant association was found between height and the C573T polymorphism in women (P < 0.001). After adjustment for age, this association remained significant (P < 0.002). Thus, the lowest height values were from subjects carrying TT genotype (CC, 1.627 +/- 0.008 m; CT, 1.595 +/- 0.006 m; TT, 1.586 +/- 0.010 m; P = 0.002). Likewise, the I/D polymorphism was associated with height (P = 0.002) in women. It remained significant after adjustment for age and the lowest height for the DD genotype (II, 1.629 +/- 0.011 m; ID, 1.603 +/- 0.006 m; DD, 1.591 +/- 0.007 m; P = 0.016). For both C573T and I/D polymorphisms, there was an allele dosage effect. Moreover, an additive and independent effect of the C573T polymorphism (P = 0.006) and the I/D polymorphism (P = 0.045) on height was observed. In contrast, no association with height was observed for the G-6A polymorphism. In conclusion, additive effects between polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system genes and height were observed in healthy women. These results should be studied by other groups in other populations and ethnic groups. Whether or not these associations need to be considered in the epidemiological studies analyzing the relationship between polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system genes and such height-influenced parameters as blood pressure merits further study.