Objective: To confirm the efficacy and safety of recombinant human alpha-L-iduronidase (laronidase) in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I).
Study design: This was a randomized, double-blinded, multinational study of 45 patients with MPS I administered 100 U/kg (0.58 mg/kg) laronidase, or placebo intravenously weekly for 26 weeks. The coprimary efficacy end points compared the median change from baseline to week 26 between groups in percentage of predicted normal forced vital capacity (FVC) and in 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance through the use of the Wilcoxon rank sum test.
Results: The laronidase (n=22) and placebo (n=23) groups had similar baseline characteristics. After 26 weeks, patients receiving laronidase compared with placebo showed mean improvements of 5.6 percentage points in percent of predicted normal FVC (median, 3.0; P=.009) and 38.1 meters in 6MWT distance (median, 38.5; P=.066; P=.039, analysis of covariance). Laronidase also significantly reduced hepatomegaly and urinary glycosaminoglycans, and, in more severely affected patients, improved sleep apnea/hypopnea and shoulder flexion. Laronidase was well-tolerated. Nearly all patients receiving enzyme had development of IgG antibodies, without apparent clinical effects.
Conclusions: In patients with MPS I, laronidase significantly improves respiratory function and physical capacity, reduces glycosaminoglycan storage, and has a favorable safety profile.