Several factors affecting the amount of fluoride ingested during toothbrushing by 2- to 7-year-old children were investigated. The specific purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of age, the amount of dentifrice used, and rinsing after brushing to the variation in the ingestion of fluoride dentifrice. Four hundred and five children brushed their teeth in front of a portable sink. The tubes of dentifrice in gel (0.24% NaF) were weighed before and after use to determine the amount of toothpaste used. The fluoride content of the collected liquids was determined with a fluoride-ion-specific electrode. The amount of fluoride ingested was derived by determining the difference between the amounts used and recovered. The amount of dentifrice used, the age, and the rinsing habits, entered in a multiple regression model, explained up to 66 percent of the total variation in the amount of fluoride ingested. The amount of dentifrice used accounted by itself for 60 percent of the total variation. Therefore, these results indicate that the quantity of dentifrice used was the most important factor affecting the ingestion of fluoride through toothbrushing by young children.