TIRF imaging of docking and fusion of single insulin granule motion in primary rat pancreatic beta-cells: different behaviour of granule motion between normal and Goto-Kakizaki diabetic rat beta-cells

Biochem J. 2004 Jul 1;381(Pt 1):13-8. doi: 10.1042/BJ20040434.


We imaged and analysed the motion of single insulin secretory granules near the plasma membrane in live pancreatic beta-cells, from normal and diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). In normal rat primary beta-cells, the granules that were fusing during the first phase originate from previously docked granules, and those during the second phase originate from 'newcomers'. In diabetic GK rat beta-cells, the number of fusion events from previously docked granules were markedly reduced, and, in contrast, the fusion from newcomers was still preserved. The dynamic change in the number of docked insulin granules showed that, in GK rat beta-cells, the total number of docked insulin granules was markedly decreased to 35% of the initial number after glucose stimulation. Immunohistochemistry with anti-insulin antibody observed by TIRFM showed that GK rat beta-cells had a marked decline of endogenous insulin granules docked to the plasma membrane. Thus our results indicate that the decreased number of docked insulin granules accounts for the impaired insulin release during the first phase of insulin release in diabetic GK rat beta-cells.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Exocytosis / physiology
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Insulin* / immunology
  • Insulin* / metabolism
  • Islets of Langerhans / chemistry*
  • Islets of Langerhans / cytology
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism*
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Male
  • Membrane Fusion*
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Mutant Strains
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Secretory Vesicles / chemistry
  • Secretory Vesicles / metabolism*


  • Insulin
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins