Factor structure, concurrent validity, and internal consistency of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition in a sample of college students

Depress Anxiety. 2004;19(3):187-9. doi: 10.1002/da.20002.


We examined the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) [Beck et al., 1996, San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation]. Four hundred fourteen undergraduate students at two public universities participated. A confirmatory factor analysis supported the BDI-II two-factor structure measuring cognitive-affective and somatic depressive symptoms. In addition, the internal consistency was high and the concurrent validity of the BDI-II was supported by positive correlations with self-report measures of depression and anxiety. These findings replicate prior research supporting the validity and reliability of the BDI-II in a college sample.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Cognition
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personality Inventory / standards*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self-Assessment
  • Students*