Glycosyltransferases and cell wall biosynthesis: novel players and insights

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2004 Jun;7(3):285-95. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2004.03.006.

Abstract

Plants need an enormous biosynthetic machinery to synthesize the complex polysaccharides that are present in the plant cell wall. The isolation, characterization and mapping of wall mutants, together with biochemical approaches, have led to significant advances in our understanding of both wall polysaccharide synthesis at a molecular level and the function of polysaccharides in plant growth and development. Moreover, potential regulation mechanisms and associated protein factors are emerging from recent data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / enzymology
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Wall / metabolism*
  • Cellulose / biosynthesis
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Glucans / biosynthesis
  • Glycosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism
  • Plants / enzymology
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Polysaccharides / biosynthesis

Substances

  • Glucans
  • Polysaccharides
  • Cellulose
  • callose
  • Glycosyltransferases