Achieving vascular access success in the quality outcomes era

Am J Surg. 2004 May;187(5):585-9; discussion 589. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2004.01.018.

Abstract

Background: In 1997 the National Kidney Foundation put forth guidelines for hemoaccess through its Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI). Some centers have been able to meet these standards; most have not.

Methods: A retrospective review was made of our database of more than 3,500 hemoaccess procedures from 1986 to 2003.

Results: Our approach, increased use of transposed fistulas and preoperative duplex mapping, has led to a fistula incidence (84%) and prevalence (54%) exceeding DOQI criteria. Meeting the DOQI guideline for thrombectomy rate (0.5 per year) is mostly achieved by increased use of fistulas. Additionally, access monitoring, as well as intraoperative angiography, angioplasty, stenting, and surgical revision, can aid in decreasing the frequency of occlusions (0.45 per year). This operative approach has led to a 98% success rate for surgical thrombectomy, exceeding the DOQI guideline of 85%. Earlier referrals from nephrologists have lowered the catheter use prevalence to 9%.

Conclusions: An aggressive approach to placing fistulas, maintaining the access, and receiving prompt referrals can lead to success in meeting DOQI criteria.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Arm / blood supply
  • Arm / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / standards*
  • Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / diagnostic imaging
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / epidemiology
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / etiology
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / prevention & control
  • Guideline Adherence / standards
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Intraoperative Care / methods
  • Intraoperative Care / standards
  • Intraoperative Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / epidemiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nephrology / standards
  • Nephrology / statistics & numerical data
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Patient Selection
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Preoperative Care / methods
  • Preoperative Care / standards
  • Preoperative Care / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Referral and Consultation / statistics & numerical data
  • Renal Dialysis / instrumentation*
  • Reoperation / methods
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thrombectomy / statistics & numerical data
  • Total Quality Management / organization & administration*
  • Ultrasonography