Effects of exercise training on aerobic capacity and quality of life in individuals with heart failure

Heart Lung. May-Jun 2004;33(3):154-61. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2003.12.009.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether subjects with chronic heart failure, who completed a 12-week rehabilitation program, would have significantly greater quality of life, better aerobic fitness, less difficulty with symptoms of heart failure, greater self-efficacy for exercise, and higher daily activity levels when compared with subjects in a control group.

Methods: Thirty-one males, aged 64 +/- 10 years with left ventricular ejection fraction of 29 +/- 7%, were randomized to a moderate intensity supervised aerobic exercise program (n = 15) or a control group (n = 16). Twenty-seven subjects completed at least 1 follow-up assessment.

Results: After 12 weeks there were significant differences in the change scores for perceived physical function (using RAND Corporation's 36-item short form) (P =.025) and peak oxygen uptake (P =.019) between the exercise and control groups with the exercise group experiencing improved physical function and fitness.

Conclusions: Exercise training in adults with heart failure increases exercise tolerance and perceived physical function. Improved heart failure symptoms, self-efficacy for exercise, or increased physical activity may not be associated with enhancement of exercise tolerance.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Exercise Test
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance / physiology*
  • Quality of Life
  • Self Efficacy
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • Surveys and Questionnaires