This investigation evaluated the content and profile of flavanoid and phenolic acid compounds present in nine Vaccinium species that included domestic blueberry cultivars and sample collections from undomesticated colonies. The study was focused in two areas of inquiry. The first involved extracting and analyzing the berries for total phenolics (TPH), total anthocyanins (ACY), and the antioxidant capacity. Vaccinium species differ in their polyphenolic content, and these high TPH and ACY levels are correlated to their antioxidant capacity. Second, berry extracts were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with photodiode array and mass spectrometric detectors to determine the content and profile of selected bioactive compounds. The flavanoid analytes of interest included the anthocyanidins, flavan-3-ols, and flavonol aglycons, as well as specific phenolic acid components. This semicomprehensive analysis begins to characterize the phytochemical profiles and illustrates the differences in the content of polyphenolic compounds present within these Vaccinium species.