Peptide YY (PYY) has been shown to inhibit stimulated insulin secretion under in vivo conditions in the mouse, the rat, and the dog. In the present study, we investigated the effects of PYY on insulin secretion from the isolated perfused rat pancreas and isolated rat islets. In isolated pancreas perfused in presence of 8.3 mM glucose, PYY at 10(-10) and 10(-9) M, but not at 10(-8) M, inhibited insulin secretion. In the presence of 5.5 mM glucose, PYY (10(-9) M) did not modify basal insulin release but reduced the biphasic insulin response to arginine (10 mM). PYY also markedly reduced the pancreatic vascular flow rate; this effect was observed at all three concentrations tested in a dose-dependent manner. In isolated islets, glucose (15 mM)-stimulated insulin secretion was inhibited by PYY at 10(-7) M. We conclude that in the perfused rat pancreas, PYY inhibits insulin secretion and induces vasoconstriction without a causal relationship. In addition, our results on isolated islets suggest that the inhibitory action of PYY on insulin secretion is exerted through a direct islet action.