Mutations in the NOD2/CARD15 gene in Crohn's disease are associated with ileocecal resection and are a risk factor for reoperation

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 May 15;19(10):1073-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2004.01967.x.


Background: Mutations within the NOD2/CARD15 gene have recently been shown to be associated with Crohn's disease.

Aims: To investigate the clinical impact of the three common NOD2/CARD15 mutations in patients with Crohn's disease.

Methods: We investigated the prevalence of the three common NOD2/CARD15 mutations (Arg702Trp, Gly908Arg, 3020insC) in 180 patients with Crohn's disease, 70 patients with ulcerative colitis and 97 controls. In patients with Crohn's disease, prevalence of NOD2/CARD15 mutations were correlated to clinical and demographical parameters.

Results: In Crohn's disease patients, 35.6% carried at least one mutant allele of NOD2/CARD15 mutations compared with 14.3% of patients with ulcerative colitis (P = 0.006) and to 15.5% of controls (P = 0.0001). Genotype phenotype analyses revealed that NOD2/CARD15 mutations determined younger age at disease diagnosis (P = 0.03), ileal disease location (P = 0.01) and ileocecal resections (P = 0.0002). Interestingly, reoperation with resection of the anastomosis was significantly more frequent in patients with NOD2/CARD15 mutations (P = 0.01).

Conclusions: Our investigations support the current hypothesis that NOD2/CARD15 mutations are associated with a phenotype of Crohn's disease with younger age at diagnosis, ileal involvement, ileocecal resections and a high risk of postoperative relapse and reoperation. NOD2/CARD15 mutations might therefore be used to identify high risk patients for relapse prevention strategies.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Crohn Disease / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein
  • Phenotype
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • NOD2 protein, human
  • Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein