Impact of oral health on the life quality of periodontal patients

J Clin Periodontol. 2004 Jun;31(6):454-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2004.00498.x.


Objectives: To assess the impact of oral health on the life quality of a periodontal patient group.

Materials and methods: Two hundred and five patients attending a private periodontal clinic completed a questionnaire incorporating the 16-item UK oral health-related quality-of-life measure (OHQoL-UK), a check list of questions about their periodontal health over the past year and a comprehensive periodontal examination.

Results: The effect of oral health on quality of life was considerable, with many individuals experiencing negative impacts across a broad range of physical, social and psychological aspects of life quality. OHQoL-UK(Copyright ) scores was associated with patient's self-reported periodontal health in the past year: experiences of "swollen gums" (p<0.01), "sore gums" (p<0.01), "receding gums" (p<0.01), "loose teeth" (p<0.01), "drifting teeth" (p<0.01), "bad breath" (p<0.01) and "toothache" (p<0.01). In addition, OHQoL-UK scores were correlated with the number of teeth with pocket depths of 5 mm or more (r(s)-0.42, p<0.01). New patients had poorer oral health-related quality of life compared with the treated maintenance group (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Periodontal status impacts on life quality. This has implications in understanding the consequences of periodontal health and in the use of patient-centred outcomes in periodontal research.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Affect
  • Attitude to Health
  • Esthetics, Dental
  • Gingival Recession / psychology
  • Gingivitis / psychology
  • Halitosis / psychology
  • Humans
  • Oral Health*
  • Periodontal Diseases / psychology*
  • Periodontal Diseases / therapy
  • Periodontal Pocket / psychology
  • Quality of Life*
  • Self Concept
  • Tooth Migration / psychology
  • Tooth Mobility / psychology
  • Toothache / psychology