Usage of enzymes in a novel baking process

Nahrung. 2004 Apr;48(2):156-60. doi: 10.1002/food.200300412.


In this study, the effects of different enzymes (alpha-amylase, xylanase, lipase, protease) on quality of breads baked in different ovens (microwave, halogen lamp-microwave combination and conventional oven) were investigated. It was also aimed to reduce the quality problems of breads baked in microwave ovens with the usage of enzymes. As a control, bread dough containing no enzyme was used. Specific volume, firmness and color of the breads were measured as quality parameters. All of the enzymes were found to be effective in reducing the initial firmness and increasing the specific volume of breads baked in microwave and halogen lamp-microwave combination ovens. However, in conventional baking, the effects of enzymes on crumb firmness were seen mostly during storage. The color of protease enzyme added breads were found to be significantly different from that of the no enzyme and the other enzyme added breads in the case of all type of ovens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bread / analysis
  • Bread / standards*
  • Cooking
  • Endopeptidases / metabolism*
  • Endopeptidases / pharmacology
  • Food Handling / methods*
  • Food Technology
  • Lipase / metabolism*
  • Lipase / pharmacology
  • Xylosidases / metabolism*
  • Xylosidases / pharmacology
  • alpha-Amylases / metabolism*
  • alpha-Amylases / pharmacology


  • Lipase
  • Xylosidases
  • alpha-Amylases
  • Endopeptidases