Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis of a 14-3-3 gene-deficient yeast

Biochemistry. 2004 May 25;43(20):6149-58. doi: 10.1021/bi035421i.


BMH1 and BMH2 encode Saccharomyces cerevisiae 14-3-3 homologues whose exact functions have remained unclear. The present work compares the transcriptomic and proteomic profiles of the wild type and a BMH1/2-deficient S. cerevisiae mutant (bmhDelta) using DNA microarrays and two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It is reported here that, although the global patterns of gene and protein expression are very similar between the two types of yeast cells, a subset of genes and proteins (a total of 220 genes) is significantly induced or reduced in the absence of Bmh1/2p. These genes include approximately 60 elements that could be linked to the reported phenotypes of the bmhDelta mutant (e.g., accumulation of glycogen and hypersensitivity to environmental stress) and/or could be the potential downstream targets of interacting partners of Bmh1/2p such as Msn2p and Rtg3p. Importantly, >30% of the identified genes (71 genes) were found to be associated with carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) metabolism and transport, thereby suggesting that Bmh1/2p may play a major role in the regulation of C/N-responsive cellular processes. This study presents the first comprehensive overview of the genes and proteins that are affected by the depletion of Bmh1/2p and extends the scope of knowledge of the regulatory roles of Bmh1/2p in S. cerevisiae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Proteome / analysis*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / genetics
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / metabolism*


  • 14-3-3 Proteins
  • BMH1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • BMH2 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors
  • Proteome
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RTG3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase