Following incubation of rutaecarpine, a new cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, with rat liver microsomes, the structures of the metabolites were characterized by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Nine metabolites corresponding to mono- or dihydroxylated rutaecarpine were formed. Characteristic product ions for the identification of rutaecarpine metabolites were observed at m/z 136, 158 and 286. The loss of water led to the fragment ion at m/z 286, indicating the hydroxylation of the aliphatic ring. The fragment ion at m/z 136 indicated the hydroxylated form of the phenyl group of the quinazolinone moiety, while that at m/z 158 indicated the hydroxylated form of the aromatic ring of the indole moiety.
Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.