Cranberry juice and urinary tract infection

Clin Infect Dis. 2004 May 15;38(10):1413-9. doi: 10.1086/386328. Epub 2004 Apr 26.


Cranberries have long been the focus of interest for their beneficial effects in preventing urinary tract infections (UTIs). Cranberries contain 2 compounds with antiadherence properties that prevent fimbriated Escherichia coli from adhering to uroepithelial cells in the urinary tract. Approximately 1 dozen clinical trials have been performed testing the effects of cranberries on the urinary tract. However, these trials suffer from a number of limitations. Most importantly, the trials have used a wide variety of cranberry products, such as cranberry juice concentrate, cranberry juice cocktail, and cranberry capsules, and they have used different dosing regimens. Further research is required to clarify unanswered questions regarding the role of cranberries in protecting against UTI in general and in women with anatomical abnormalities in particular.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Adhesion / drug effects*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli Infections
  • Humans
  • Plant Preparations / therapeutic use*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / prevention & control*
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon / chemistry*


  • Plant Preparations