Transcatheter atrial septal defect occlusion devices: normal radiographic appearances and complications

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1992 Aug;3(3):527-33. doi: 10.1016/s1051-0443(92)72007-7.


Three transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion devices have been used in clinical trials during the past decade: the Rashkind ASD occluder, the Lock Clamshell occluder, and the buttoned double-disk device. The normal radiographic appearance of these three devices and radiographic findings in complications are presented. Of 12 transcatheter ASD occlusions performed, the buttoned double-disk device was used in eight patients, the Rashkind ASD occluder in three, and the Lock Clamshell occluder in one. Complications included both improper placement and partial dislodgment of the Rashkind ASD occluder device (n = 2), fracture of a metal arm of the Lock Clamshell device (n = 1), and detachment of the buttoned double-disk device with embolization into the right pulmonary artery (n = 1). Knowledge of the normal radiographic appearance of ASD occlusion devices and the findings in various complications will be necessary for radiologists as transcatheter ASD closure becomes more commonplace. Chest radiography is the primary method of detecting short- and long-term complications in patients following transcatheter ASD closure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / epidemiology
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies