Chemical inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases

Trends Cell Biol. 1996 Oct;6(10):393-7. doi: 10.1016/0962-8924(96)10034-9.


Transient activation o f cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) is responsible for transition through the successive phases of the cell-division cycle. Major changes in the expression and regulation of CDKs have been described in human tumours. Enzymatic screening is starting to uncover chemical inhibitors o f CDKs that arrest the cell cycle at various steps. This review summarizes our knowledge of the first generation inhibitors, their molecular mechanisms of action and their effects on the cell cycle and apoptosis, and discusses their potential as synchronizing agents, as ligands for affinity chromatography and as therapeutic agents.